New Covenant Surpasses the Old

Jesus inaugurated the promised New Covenant that rendered the former one obsolete - (Hebrews 8:13). 

Mountain Sunrise - Photo by Jonas Humbel on Unsplash
According to Hebrews, the “
word of the Son surpasses all the past revelations “in the prophets.” Jesus went beyond his predecessors, having “achieved the purification of sins,” and therefore, was exalted to “sit down” at the right hand of God and inherited “all things.” There, he intercedes on behalf of his people, their everlasting “high priest.” His victory signaled the inauguration of the promised “new covenant” - [Photo by Jonas Humbel on Unsplash].

In chapters 7-10 of the epistle, Hebrews demonstrates the superiority of the “Son” by contrasting his everlasting priesthood, the new covenant, and his sacrifice with the multiple priests, obsolete covenant, and repeated animal sacrifices of the Levitical system.

In the prophets, God promised a new priesthood “after the order of Melchizedek,” which demonstrated that the Aaronic priesthood could not achieve the “purification of sins.” Under the old system, the people received the law, but a change in the priesthood would also mean “a change of law” - (Hebrews 7:11-14).

The ancient priesthood was dependent on lineal descent and multiple generations of priests due to human mortality, but the priesthood “after the order of Melchizedek” is perpetual - It is based on an endless resurrected life - (Hebrews 7:15-22).

Unlike the Aaronic priests, the one priest after the “order of Melchizedek” was installed by the word and oath of God - (“The Lord swore and will not regret, You are a priest everlastingly”); therefore, Jesus holds the priesthood “nontransferable.” He became the “guarantor of a better covenant,” therefore, he is able to save his “brethren” to the uttermost everyone, also because he “lives evermore to intercede for them” - (Psalm 110:4Hebrews 7:19-25).

Unlike his predecessors, Jesus “sat down on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens” and became the minister of “the Real Tabernacle,” not a temporary tent “made-by-hand.” The Levitical system with its animal sacrifices constituted only “glimpses and shadows of the heavenly realities” - (Hebrews 8:1-5).

The Son “attained to a more distinguished ministry, he also is the mediator of a better covenant legislated upon better promises.  If the “first covenant” had been faultless, there would have been no need for a second one. However, having found fault with it, the Lord announced the coming days when “I will conclude a new covenant” - (Hebrews 8:6-13).

In the epistle, the promised “new covenant” is expressly stated NOT to be “according to the covenant” made at Sinai. It is not a “renewed” or a modified covenant, but instead, an entirely new one that is well able to achieve the “purification of sins.” The “new covenant” instituted by the Son enables all citizens of the kingdom to know God, establishes men and women as His people, and inscribed His righteous requirements on their hearts.

By establishing the “new covenant,” the Jesus “made the first obsolete.” This means the covenant established at Sinai ceased to be in effect because of the superior act and priestly office of the “Son.”




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