Jesus and the Throne of David

Photo by Willian B. on Unsplash
OVERVIEW
- Jesus received all authority to reign on the Messianic Throne following his Death and ResurrectionPsalm 2:6-9

Two key messianic psalms portray the ideal king who is destined to sit on the Throne of David. In the New Testament, both passages are applied consistently to Jesus; both are employed to portray his exaltation after his Death and Resurrection. Already he sits on the messianic throne with full sovereignty over the nations - [Photo by Willian B. on Unsplash].
  • (Psalm 2:6-9) - “Yet I have installed my king, on Zion my holy mountain. Let me tell of a decree, Yahweh said to me, You are My son; I, this day, have begotten you. Ask of me and let me give nations as your inheritance, and as your possession the ends of the earth. You shall shepherd them with a scepter of iron, as a potter’s vessel shalt thou dash them in pieces.”
  • (Psalm 110:1) - “Yahweh said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool.
The God of Israel had promised that his anointed king would rule for him on the throne of David. The New Testament applies this promise to the present status of Jesus. Moreover, it places the commencement of this reign after his death and resurrection.

Preaching at a synagogue, Paul declared that God had promised to raise up from David’s seed a man who would be the king of Israel, a promise fulfilled in a “Savior, Jesus.” Though the Temple leaders in Jerusalem had conspired to destroy him, “God raised him from the dead,” just as it is “written in the second psalm, You are my Son, this day have I begotten you.”

As promised, Yahweh gave him “the holy and sure blessings of David.” Jesus is the promised Lord and Messiah from the line of David. According to the Apostle, the event that marked the start of his reign was his resurrection - (Acts 13:22-40, Romans 1:1-4).

Both messianic psalms are prominent in the epistle to the Hebrews, which contrasts the “Son” with angels. As glorious as angels are, To which of the angels said he at any time, You are my Son, this day have I begotten you?” Already, he has “achieved the purification of sin and sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high.” As the “Son” and designated king, he inherited a “more excellent name than the angels” - (Hebrews 1:3-65:5).

In its opening salutation, the book of Revelation declares Jesus the “ruler of the kings of the earth” - present tense. This high status is based on his death and resurrection - “The faithful witness, the firstborn of the dead.” Consequently, he made his followers “a kingdom, priests to his God and Father.”

The Resurrection in the Garden
He is the long-promised Davidic king who “
SHEPHERDS THE nations,” the “living one who became dead but is now alive forevermore and has the keys of death and of Hades.” Consistently, John the Revelator connects his reign to his past Death and Resurrection - (Revelation 1:4-6, 2:26-273:21, 5:10).

Jesus is the “Lion of the tribe of Judah,” but he fulfills that role as the sacrificial Lamb. Before the “Throne,” all creation declared the Lamb “worthy to receive power, riches, wisdom, might, honor, glory, and blessing...To him that sits on the throne and to the Lamb be the dominion forever and ever.” It was the sacrificial Lamb who received all authority to rule over the Cosmos - (Revelation 1:18, 3:75:5-12, 12:5, 22:16).

On the day of Pentecost, Peter preached his first sermon after receiving the gift of the Spirit.  There, he declared to a crowd of Jewish pilgrims how:
  • God had sworn with an oath that of the fruit of David’s loins he would set one upon his throne. Foreseeing this He spoke of the resurrection of Christ, that neither was he left to Hades nor did his flesh see corruption. This Jesus did God raise up…Being therefore by the right hand of God exalted and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he has poured forth this that you see and hear. For David ascended not into the heavens, but he says, The Lord said to my Lord, Sit on my right hand till I make your enemies your footstool. Let all Israel know assuredly that God has made him both Lord and Christ” - (Acts 2:30-36).
According to Peter, his exaltation occurred because of his Death and Resurrection. Even now, he reigns as Lord and Christ on the Heavenly Throne.

Similarly, in the epistle to the Ephesians, Paul reminds us how God “Raised Jesus from the dead and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places…and has put all things under his feet and gave him to be the head over all things to the church” - (Ephesians 1:20-22). To the Corinthians, he wrote, declaring that Jesus was raised from the dead and installed to reign:
  • He must reign until he has put all his enemies under his feet. The last enemy that shall be abolished is death. For God put all things in subjection under his feet” - (1 Corinthians 15:20-26).
Jesus is the founder of our faith who endured the cross, and then “sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.” He achieved the “purification of sins,” therefore, he now reigns at God’s right hand, “angels and authorities and powers being made subject to him” - (1 Peter 3:22Hebrews 1:310:12-13, 12:2).

The New Testament tells a consistent story. Already, Jesus reigns over the nations at the “right hand of God.” He is the Messiah and the reigning Davidic king. His exaltation resulted from his obedience unto death and his subsequent resurrection.

The reign of the promised Davidic Messiah is not in the future, it is a present reality. It is not limited to the ancient city of Jerusalem or a small territory in Palestine. Instead, he reigns now from the Throne of God over all nations and the entire Cosmos.




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